Carol Williams is Professor of History and Women and Gender Studies and current Executive Director of the Centre for Oral History and Tradition at the University of Lethbridge, in Treaty 7 Territory,Alberta. She holds a PhD in American and Women’s History from Rutgers, New Jersey. Teaching specialties include reproductive justice and histories; North American women’s history inclusive of
Indigenous women’s histories, and critical histories of photography. In collaboration with Faye Heavy Shield, Hali Heavy Shield and Linda Weasel Head, Williams is the principal Investigator on a three year SSHRC-funded project titled Kainai Women’s Activism in Treaty 7 Territory 1968 to 1990:Contemporary Histories of Social Change. Our goal is to gather oral histories, film, photographs, and
documentary records to reconstruct the histories of southern Alberta Kainai women’s grassroots activism to record the diverse ways women positively transformed community. Publications include Indigenous Women: From Labor to Activism (UIllinois Press 2012) a collection of essays on women’s labor within
four settler colonies-- Canada, Australia, the United States, and Aotearoa/New Zealand—from the 1830s to the late 1980s; Framing the West: Race, Gender, and the Photographic ‘Frontier’ in the Pacific Northwest (OUP 2003). The latter considered how the introduction of photographic technology on the North American west coast gave rise to a bureaucratic visual and discursive bio-spectral
politics—imagery that was decisively colonial in representing Indigenous peoples as distinct from settlers. A recent chapter “Residential School Photographs: The Visual Rhetoric of Indigenous Removal and Containment” (Sheehan, ed. Photography & Migration, Routledge 2018) reviews photographs
produced by the North American Indian residential school system as representative of politically-motivated actions that sought to remove children and youth from their tribal traditional past.